• A category of computer science dealing with the ability of machines to perform in a manner associated with human beings, such as reasoning, learning, or understanding language. Currently associated with voice recognition technology and, to a lesser degree, optical character recognition (OCR).
  • An umbrella term for computer methods that emulate human judgment. These include Machine Learning and Knowledge Engineering, as well as Pattern Matching (e.g., voice, face, and handwriting recognition), robotics, and game playing.


  1. Legal Electronic Document Institute, Basic Principles of Automated Litigation Support (2005).
  2. Maura R. Grossman and Gordon V. Cormack, EDRM page & The Grossman-Cormack Glossary of Technology-Assisted Review, with Foreword by John M. Facciola, U.S. Magistrate Judge2013 Fed. Cts. L. Rev. 7 (January 2013).
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