Electronic Discovery / E-Discovery


  • Discovery documents produced in electronic formats rather than hardcopy. The production may be contained on hard drives, tapes, CDs, DVDs, external hard drives, etc. Once received, these documents are converted to .tif format. It is during the conversion process that metadata can be extracted. 1
  • A process that includes electronic documents and email into a collection of “discoverable” documents for litigation. Usually involves both software and a process that searches and indexes files on hard drives or other electronic media. Extracts metadata automatically for use as an index. May include conversion of electronic documents to an image format as if the document had been printed out and then scanned. 2
  • The discovery of electronic documents and data including e-mail, Web pages, word processing files, computer databases, and virtually anything that is stored on a computer. Technically, documents and data are “electronic” if they exist in a medium that can only be read through the use of computers. Such media include cache memory, magnetic disks (such as computer hard drives or floppy disks), optical disks (such as DVDs or CDs), and magnetic tapes. 3
  • The process of finding, identifying, locating, retrieving, and reviewing potentially relevant data in designated computer systems.
  • The process of identifying, preserving, collecting, processing, searching, reviewing and producing Electronically Stored Information that may be Relevant to a civil, criminal, or regulatory matter. 4

See Also


  1. RSI, Glossary.
  2. Formerly American Document Management, Glossary of Terms, now 5i Solutions Glossary.
  3. Kroll Ontrack, Glossary of Terms, http://www.krollontrack.com/glossaryterms
  4. Maura R. Grossman and Gordon V. Cormack, EDRM page & The Grossman-Cormack Glossary of Technology-Assisted Review, with Foreword by John M. Facciola, U.S. Magistrate Judge2013 Fed. Cts. L. Rev. 7 (January 2013).