File

Definition(s)

  • A document or program as well as a unit of storage or file management. Each file is a set of bytes (each byte typically consists of 8 bits) that is stored on some media, or inside an archive. Files can be transmitted over communication lines using communication protocols such as SMTP/POP3 (Mail), FTP, HTTP. Files may (or may not) have different attributes (metadata). There are many different types of files: data files, text files, program files, directory files, and so on. Different types of files store different types of information. For example, program files store programs, whereas text files store text.  1
  • An element of data storage in a file system. A collection of data or information that has a name, called the filename. Almost all information stored in a computer must be in a file. There are many different types of files: data files, text files, program files, directory files, and so on.  2  3  4
  • In word processing, a piece of text that is usually one document long.  5
  • In a database, a complete collection of records treated as one unit.  6
  • A collection of logically related data records.  7
  • A collection of data of information stored under a specified name on a disk.  8

Notes

  1. Ibis Consulting, Glossary.
  2. Fios, E-Discovery Glossaryhttp://discoveryresources.org/01_electronic_discovery_glossary.html 
  3. Vinson & Elkins LLP Practice Support, EDD Glossary.
  4. RSI, Glossary.
  5. Legal Electronic Document Institute, Basic Principles of Automated Litigation Support (2005).
  6. Legal Electronic Document Institute, Basic Principles of Automated Litigation Support (2005).
  7. Legal Electronic Document Institute, Basic Principles of Automated Litigation Support (2005).
  8. Kroll Ontrack, Glossary of Termshttp://www.krollontrack.com/glossaryterms