Format

Definition(s)

  • The internal structure of a file, which defines the way it is stored and used. Specific applications may define unique formats for their data (i.e., “MS Word document file format”). Many files may only be viewed or printed using their originating application or an application designed to work with compatible formats. Computer storage systems commonly identify files by a naming convention that denotes the format (and therefore the probable originating application) (i.e., “DOC” for Microsoft Word document files; “XLS” for Microsoft Excel spreadsheet files; “TXT” for text files; and “HTM” (for Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) files such as Web pages). Users may choose alternate naming conventions, but this may affect how the files are treated by applications.  1
  • The organization of data on a disk.  2
  • To prepare a disk for use. Formatting a disk consists of erasing old information on the disk and adding new codes to control information recording.  3

Notes

  1. Kroll Ontrack, Glossary of Termshttp://www.krollontrack.com/glossaryterms
  2. Legal Electronic Document Institute, Basic Principles of Automated Litigation Support (2005).
  3. Legal Electronic Document Institute, Basic Principles of Automated Litigation Support (2005).