Positive Agreement


The Probability that, if one reviewer Codes a Document as Relevant, a second independent reviewer will also Code the Document as Relevant. Empirical studies show that Positive Agreement rates of 70% are typical, and Positive Agreement rates of 80% are rare. Positive Agreement should not be confused with Agreement (which is a less informative measure) or Overlap(which is a numerically smaller measure that conveys similar information). Under the assumption that the two reviewers are equally likely to err, Overlap is roughly equal to the square of Positive Agreement. That is, if Positive Agreement is 70%, Overlap is roughly 70% x 70% = 49%. 1


  1. Maura R. Grossman and Gordon V. Cormack, EDRM page & The Grossman-Cormack Glossary of Technology-Assisted Review, with Foreword by John M. Facciola, U.S. Magistrate Judge2013 Fed. Cts. L. Rev. 7 (January 2013).